This brightly illustrated picture book introduces the concept
of money, first by looking at its development as an alternative to bartering and then by explaining the many forms of money, from primitive rocks, feathers, and metal lumps to the familiar coins and paper bills to alternatives such as checks, credit cards, and digital forms of payment. Adler does a particularly good job explaining the inconvenience of
bartering through child-friendly examples such as How would a baker trade for a house? How many loaves of bread would he have to trade? And why would anybody want so much bread? Using flat colors and stylized designs, Millers upbeat digital artwork helps to clarify points made in the text, while adding occasional bits of visual humor.
The End of Money: Toward a New, World Economy under the Credit Unit System describes a viable replacement for the monetary system. Humanity has made incredible strides in so many areas - in computers, communications, medicine, the physical sciences, transportation, etc. - yet it continues to hold on to an economic system that has been in use for centuries. Money has changed in form and no longer entails just metal coins and paper currency, but also credit/debit cards, electronic money, etc. Even so, it is still age-old money dressed up in modern forms and it is keeping humanity from evolving into a society in which everybody is prosperous, thriving and happy. Under the Credit Unit System: 1) The monetary system and all forms of money are eliminated, as is everything connected with them: profits/losses; costs of production, distribution and consumption; wages; taxes; insurance; accounting and bookkeeping; financial institutions; stocks and bonds; economic cycles entailing inflation, deflation and stagflation; exchange rates; etc. There are no corporations or for-profit companies. There is no gulf between the rich and the poor. 2) All the basic material things needed for a prosperous life, such as food staples, total health care, basic housing, public transportation, utilities, basic clothing and basic education are freely provided to everyone. 3) All money-related crimes, corruption, exploitation and identity theft are eliminated. Moreover, money-caused marital problems, suicides and chemical addictions are eliminated. 4) Viable solutions that cost nothing can be implemented for climate change, pollution cleanup, food and water shortages, and all such dire problems. Individuals are compensated for their labor with Credit Units or CUs, which are units of value that are periodically issued to individuals' personal file by a central computer; they do not receive CUs from the entity they work for. Individuals receive CUs according to their job position and the length of time they have been employed at that position. They do not receive CUs for the services they provide or for the products they produce or distribute. For instance, a doctor receives X number of CUs for being a doctor, not for the services she provides as a doctor. A wheat farmer receives X number of CUs for being a wheat farmer, not for the wheat he produces. A computer store owner receives X number of CUs for being a computer store owner, not for the computer products she offers. Since there are no costs of doing business at any point along the production chain, the items mentioned in #2 above can be provided to everyone CU-free. They use their CUs to acquire products and services beyond these CU-free basics. When a person acquires such a product or service, the CUs are deleted from his or her personal file. They do not go to the business (businesses and other non-flesh-and blood entities cannot receive CUs). They do not go anywhere - they simply vanish. Lastly, CUs are non-transferrable from one individual to another, or from a person to him or herself. If person X wants to transfer her car to person Y for an agreed-upon number of CUs, they both have to go to a Credit Unit Service Center, where an authorized employee adds the agreed-upon number of CUs to X's personal file and deletes that number from Y's personal file. The CUs are not transferred from X's file to Y's file. All property transfers are carried out in this way. Thus bribery and embezzlement are impossible. The book goes into much more detail regarding these procedures and it explains how the Credit Unit System would be implemented and how it would apply to other areas such as credit, retirement, the legal system, R&D, government, business entities, etc. It explains the 3 fatal flaws inherent to the monetary system and how the Credit Unit System eliminates them.
Many changes have occurred in the twenty-five years that have passed since the enactment of the Money Laundering Control Act of 1986. The law has been amended, new underlying crimes have been added, and court decisions have modified its scope. The Act remains an important tool in combating criminal activity. Now in its third edition, Money Laundering: A Guide for Criminal Investigators covers the basics of finding ill-gotten gains, linking them to the criminal, and seizing them. Providing a clear understanding of money laundering practices, it explains the investigative and legislative processes that are essential in detecting and circumventing this illegal and dangerous activity.
Highlights of the Third Edition include
Knowledge of the techniques used to investigate these cases and a full understanding of the laws and regulations that serve as the government's weapons in this fight are essential for the criminal investigator. This volume arms those tasked with finding and tracing illegal proceeds with this critical knowledge, enabling them to thwart illegal profiteering by finding the paper trail.
The Yellow Wallpaper American Feminist Literature By Charlotte Perkins Gilman "The Yellow Wallpaper" is a 6,000-word short story by the American writer Charlotte Perkins Gilman, first published in January 1892 in The New England Magazine. It is regarded as an important early work of American feminist literature, illustrating attitudes in the 19th century toward women's physical and mental health. Presented in the first person, the story is a collection of journal entries written by a woman (Jane) whose physician husband (John) has confined her to the upstairs bedroom of a house he has rented for the summer. She is forbidden from working and has to hide her journal from him, so she can recuperate from what he calls a "temporary nervous depression - a slight hysterical tendency," a diagnosis common to women in that period. The windows of the room are barred, and there is a gate across the top of the stairs, allowing her husband to control her access to the rest of the house. The story depicts the effect of confinement on the narrator's mental health and her descent into psychosis. With nothing to stimulate her, she becomes obsessed by the pattern and color of the wallpaper. "It is the strangest yellow, that wall-paper! It makes me think of all the yellow things I ever saw - not beautiful ones like buttercups, but old foul, bad yellow things. But there is something else about that paper - the smell! ... The only thing I can think of that it is like is the color of the paper! A yellow smell." In the end, she imagines there are women creeping around behind the patterns of the wallpaper and comes to believe she is one of them. She locks herself in the room, now the only place she feels safe, refusing to leave when the summer rental is up. "For outside you have to creep on the ground, and everything is green instead of yellow. But here I can creep smoothly on the floor, and my shoulder just fits in that long smooch around the wall, so I cannot lose my way."
Mainstream neoclassical economics tells us that money is essentially a commodity, has no other social meanings or consequences, and (therefore) exists only as a medium of exchange to lubricate/facilitate barter. This book takes the view that money is definitively a social relation between private persons or legal persons. As such, it is one of the main building blocks of the complex structure of social relations of capitalism itself.
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